Catalysts | Free Full-Text | Agro-Waste Derived Biomass Impregnated with TiO2 as a Potential Adsorbent for Removal of As(III) from Water


A novel type of adsorbent, TiO2 impregnated pomegranate peels ([email protected]2) was successfully synthesized and its efficacy was investigated based on the removal of As(III) from water. The adsorbent was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer (EDS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy, to evaluate its morphology, elemental analysis, crystallinity, and functional groups, respectively. Batch experiments were conducted on [email protected]2 for As(III) adsorption to assess the adsorption isotherm, effect of pH, and adsorption kinetics. Characterization data suggested that TiO2 was successfully impregnated on the biomass substrate. The equilibrium data better fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model having a maximum adsorption capacity of 76.92 mg/g and better distribution coefficients (KD) in the order of ~103 mL/g. The highest percentage of adsorption was found at neutral pH. The adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-2nd-order model. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) of the adsorption product exhibited that arsenic was present as As(III) and partially oxidized to As(V). [email protected]2 can work effectively in the presence of coexisting anions and could be regenerated and reused. Overall, these findings suggested that the as-prepared [email protected]2 could provide a better and efficient alternative for the synergistic removal of As(III) from water.
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