IJMS | Free Full-Text | Mechanism of Albuminuria Reduction by Chymase Inhibition in Diabetic Mice


Chymase has several functions, such as angiotensin II formation, which can promote diabetic kidney disease (DKD). In this study, we evaluated the effect of the chymase inhibitor TY-51469 on DKD in diabetic db/db mice. Diabetic mice were administered TY-51469 (10 mg/kg/day) or placebo for 4 weeks. No significant difference was observed in body weight and fasting blood glucose between TY-51469- and placebo-treated groups. However, a significant reduction in urinary albumin/creatinine ratio was observed in the TY-51469-treated group compared with the placebo-treated group. In the renal extract, chymase activity was significantly higher in placebo-treated mice than in non-diabetic db/m mice, but it was reduced by treatment with TY-51469. Both NADPH oxidase 4 expression and the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde were significantly augmented in the placebo-treated group, but they were attenuated in the TY-51469-treated group. Significant increases of tumor necrosis factor-α and transforming growth factor-β mRNA levels in the placebo-treated group were significantly reduced by treatment with TY-51469. Furthermore, the expression of nephrin, which is a podocyte-specific protein, was significantly reduced in the placebo-treated group, but it was restored in the TY-51469-treated group. These findings demonstrated that chymase inhibition reduced albuminuria via attenuation of podocyte injury by oxidative stress.

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