Chymase has several functions, such as angiotensin II formation, which can promote diabetic kidney disease (DKD). In this study, we evaluated the effect of the chymase inhibitor TY-51469 on DKD in diabetic db/db mice. Diabetic mice were administered TY-51469 (10 mg/kg/day) or placebo for 4 weeks. No significant difference was observed in body weight and fasting blood glucose between TY-51469- and placebo-treated groups. However, a significant reduction in urinary albumin/creatinine ratio was observed in the TY-51469-treated group compared with the placebo-treated group. In the renal extract, chymase activity was significantly higher in placebo-treated mice than in non-diabetic db/m mice, but it was reduced by treatment with TY-51469. Both NADPH oxidase 4 expression and the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde were significantly augmented in the placebo-treated group, but they were attenuated in the TY-51469-treated group. Significant increases of tumor necrosis factor-α and transforming growth factor-β mRNA levels in the placebo-treated group were significantly reduced by treatment with TY-51469. Furthermore, the expression of nephrin, which is a podocyte-specific protein, was significantly reduced in the placebo-treated group, but it was restored in the TY-51469-treated group. These findings demonstrated that chymase inhibition reduced albuminuria via attenuation of podocyte injury by oxidative stress.