Cancers | Free Full-Text | Thioredoxin Interacting Protein (TXNIP) Is Differentially Expressed in Human Tumor Samples but Is Absent in Human Tumor Cell Line Xenografts: Implications for Its Use as an Immunosurveillance Marker

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Simple Summary

The metabolic protein TXNIP plays a crucial role in various cellular processes. Abnormal TXNIP levels are notable, e.g., in type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and tumors. Using immunohistochemical staining for TXNIP in different tumor entities, we give new insights of TXNIP expression on the protein level. In human tumors, staining intensity inversely correlated with aggressiveness of the tumor entity. In contrast, human tumor cell lines grown in mice (xenografts), consistently revealed no staining. Hence, loss of TXNIP suggests a critical role for the development of tumors in xenografts. Furthermore, we investigated TXNIP staining of immunocompetent cells in the proximity of the xenograft tumor tissue. Our findings demonstrate that TXNIP downregulation is a common feature in human tumor xenograft models. Subsequently, TXNIP expression might be used to monitor the functional state of tumor-infiltrating leukocytes in tissue sections and may help to predict response to modern immune therapy.



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